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how many schedules does indian constitution have?

TWELVE SCHEDULES OF INDIAN CONSTITUTION

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INTRODUCTION

When constitution was first introduced, there were only eight schedules. Now it has twelve schedules.

THE SCHEDULES

1st Schedule

It has the names of the states and the territories under their jurisdiction. It also holds the names of union territories and their extent.

2nd Schedule

This has the provisions relating to the emoluments, allowances, privileges and so on of the President of India, the Governor of the states, the speaker and deputy speaker of Loksabha, the chairman and deputy chairman of Rajyasabha, the speaker and deputy speaker of the Legislative Assembly in the states, the chairman and deputy chairman of the Legislative Council in the states, the judges of the Supreme Court, the judges of the High courts, Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG).

3rd Schedule

The oath types and oaths and affirmations for the union ministers, candidates for election to the Parliament, the members of the Parliament, the judges of the Supreme Court, the judges of the High courts, Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG), the state ministers, the candidates for election to the state legislature, members of the state legislature.

4th Schedule

This deals with the allocation of seats in Rajya Sabha to the states and the union territories.

5th Schedule

It takes into account provisions related to the administration and control of scheduled areas and scheduled tribes.

6th Schedule

It takes into account provisions related to the administration and control of 4 tribal states – Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, and Mizoram.

7th Schedule

Division of powers between the Union and States in terms of Union list (List 1), State list (List 2) and concurrent list (List 3).

When parliament has the power to make laws regarding any subjects enumerated in List I (Union List), State legislatures have the power to make laws with respect to any subjects in List 2 (State list). Both the Parliament and state legislatures can make laws with respect to any of the subjects enumerated in the Concurrent List or List 3.

8th Schedule

It has the languages recognized by the constitution. At first, it had 14 languages, but now there are 22 languages.

Sindhi – 21st amendment – 1967

Konkani, Manipuri, Nepali – 71st amendment – 1992

Bodo, Dogri, Maithili, Santhali – 92nd amendment – 2003

9th Schedule

It deals with acts and regulations dealing with land reforms and abolition of the Zamindari system and so on

Added by 1st Constitutional Amendment Act of 1951.

10th Schedule

Provisions relating to disqualification of the members of Parliament and State legislatures on the ground of defection.

Also called anti- defection law

Added by 52nd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1985.

11th Schedule

It specifies the powers, authority and responsibilities of Panchayats.

Added by 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1992.

12th Schedule

It specifies the authority and responsibilities of Municipalities.

Added by 74th  Constitutional Amendment Act of 1992.

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