President is the first citizen of India
There is a President according to the 52nd article of the Indian constitution The President is the head of the Indian Union of states and union territories. But he is not the head of the Central Government. Prime Minister is the head of the Central Government. While Prime Minister is the ‘de-facto’ or real head of India, the President is the ‘de-jure’ or constitutional head of the nation.
He is the supreme commander of the defence forces of India.
President is part of the Union Executive which also consists of the Vice president, the Prime Minister, the Council of Ministers, and the Attorney General of India.
ELECTION OF THE PRESIDENT
The nomination of the Presidential candidate must be signed by fifty members as proposers and another fifty members as secondary proposers.
Every candidate has to make a security deposit of Rs.15000 and this security deposit will be forfeited if he fails to secure 1/6th of the total valid votes polled.
Election of the President is headed by the Election Commission of India.
Any dispute relating to the election of the President is decided by the Supreme Court.
The President should not be a member of either House of the Parliament or the House of state legislatures. If any such person is elected as the President, he is required to have vacated his seat in that House on the date of his entry upon the office as the President.
HOW IS PRESIDENT ELECTED?
The election of President is not done directly by the people, but by an electoral college consisting of:
(a)members of both the Houses of Parliament who are elected
(b)members of Legislative Assemblies of states, and the Union Territories of Delhi and Puducherry (those who are part by the election).
The election is held in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of a single transferable vote (The only voting system that can be transferred).
Nominated members of the Parliament and Legislative Assemblies of states have no right to vote in the Presidential election.
QUALIFICATIONS TO BE A PRESIDENT
He should be a citizen of India.
He should have completed 35 years of age.
He should be qualified to be elected as the member of the Loksabha.
He should not hold any other office of profit other than that of the President
OATH OF THE PRESIDENT
The oath of office to the President is headed by the Chief Justice of India. In his absence, the senior-most judge of the Supreme Court available to conduct the oath
It is not mentioned in the 4th Schedule of the Indian constitution
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